Epilepsy is a disorder in which a person has two or more unprovoked seizures. Unprovoked means that the seizures are not brought on by a clear cause such as alcohol withdrawal, heart problems, or extremely low blood sugar. In other words, epilepsy is a condition of recurrent, unprovoked seizures. A person with epilepsy has had two or more unprovoked seizures, regardless of seizure type.

The seizures may result from a hereditary tendency or a brain injury, but often the cause is unknown. Many use the term “seizure disorder” instead because “epilepsy” seems more serious or stigmatized. However, almost all seizure disorders are epilepsy.

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